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Dubuque named one of world’s Smart21 Communities

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The Intelligent Community Forum (ICF) has named Dubuque as one of the world's Smart21 Communities of 2015. Dubuque is one of just five U.S. communities named to the list. This select group of communities will now be in contention for the prestigious designation of Intelligent Community of the Year in June 2015.

"We have started the search for Toronto's successor. More importantly, our analysts have selected 21 communities that have shown progress in their attempt to make the leap to Intelligent Community status. The Revolutionary Community theme for 2015 is perfect for this group," said Louis Zacharillo, ICF co-founder. "Not all of them are cities, towns or regions that people immediately think of as ‘tech cities.' Tech is not all there is to a great community. Some are aspirational but all have launched programs that are innovative, and will do something that most cities, towns and regions have been attempting since the broadband economy emerged: launch a successful and full-scale full revolt against brain drain and the creation of industries that will produce jobs."

ICF noted that last month the World Bank, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the International Labour Organization detailed a growing job crisis. A report to G20 employment ministers stated that there is a sizeable job gap coupled with deterioration in the quality of jobs. Six hundred million jobs will be required in the next 15 years just to cope with an expanding population. One hundred million people are already unemployed.

The Smart21 Communities of 2015 is comprised of five communities from the United States, four communities from Australia, four communities from Taiwan, three communities from Canada, and one community each from Brazil, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya and New Zealand. Perhaps surprisingly, no European or Chinese community appears on this year's list. Thirteen communities reappeared on the list, with the ICF's first Kazakhstani city making the Smart21.

NOTE: The Intelligent Community Forum produced a video about the Smart21 for 2015. It can be viewed here - www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZo6o5TOch8

Intelligent Community Forum Smart21 Communities for 2015 (Community Country Population listed):

Arlington County, Va. U.S. 210,280
Astana Kazakhstan 832,000
Aurora, Ill. U.S. 203,008
Changhua County Taiwan 1,300,000
Columbus, Ohio U.S. 822,553
Dubuque, Iowa U.S. 58,253
Edmonton, Alberta Canada 877,926
Ipswich, Queensland Australia 185,000
Mitchell, S.D. U.S. 15,254
Nairobi County Kenya 3,380,000
New Taipei City Taiwan 3,959,855
Prospect, South Australia Australia 296,862
Rio de Janeiro Brazil 6,453,682
Sherbrooke, Quebec Canada 169,200
Shiojiri City Japan 67,824
Sunshine Coast Australia 278,202
Surrey, British Columbia Canada 502,000
Taitung County Taiwan 226,252
Taoyuan County Taiwan 2,050,600
Whanganui New Zealand 43,100
Whittlesea, Victoria Australia 186,368

The announcement of the Smart21 list was made on Tuesday, Oct. 21, at the kickoff dinner for the third annual Intelligent Community Symposium at the Walsh University Institute for the Study of the Intelligent Community in North Canton, Ohio. The symposium attracts international experts in the fields of education, technology, and business to discuss successful strategies for building prosperous and sustainable communities. The event featured Google's Education Evangelist Jaimie Casap and Tim Jones, Toronto's legendary social entrepreneur and CEO of Artscape. Jones coined the phrase "placemaking" and helped foster a global practice in the field.

The symposium also marked the launch of the Institute's Leadership Academy, a course designed to educate students, community leaders and ICF movement "champions" on the Intelligent Community Indicators.

Evaluation of Intelligent Community Forum Awards Program nominations is based on the five Intelligent Community Indicators, which provide the conceptual framework for understanding all of the factors that determine a community's competitiveness and point to its success in the broadband economy. In addition, the awards are guided by this year's theme, The Revolutionary Community, which focuses on the study of urban and regional planning and how it is impacting the way people live, work and create in their cities and towns. ICF released a white paper discussing the theme, which can be downloaded here.

The Smart21 Communities of 2015 will next provide more detailed data through an extensive questionnaire, which is evaluated by an independent research firm. The seven highest-scoring cities or regions will then be named the Top7 Intelligent Communities of the Year, on January 22 in Taichung City, Taiwan, the 2013 Intelligent Community of the Year. In June of 2015, at an event in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the 2014 Intelligent Community of the Year, one community will be chosen to succeed Toronto as the 2015 Intelligent Community of the Year.

About Intelligent Community Forum
The Intelligent Community Forum (www.intelligentcommunity.org), headquartered in New York, is a global movement of 134 cities, towns and regions. As an international think tank and foundation, ICF studies and promotes the best practices of the world's Intelligent Communities as they adapt to the new demands and seize the opportunities presented by information and communications technology (ICT). To help cities and towns build prosperous economies, solve social problems and enrich local cultures, the Intelligent Community Forum conducts research, hosts global events, publishes books, and produces its high-profile annual international awards program. The forum has two Institutes in North America dedicated to the study of the movement, with more institutes planned. Global leaders, thinkers, and media observers follow and participate in the ongoing global dialogue initiated by the Intelligent Community Forum.

In 2012, ICF was invited to participate at the Nobel Peace Prize conference in Oslo and in 2014, its model and work was recognized by the U.S. Department of Commerce under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, which, according to the American government, was "aimed at creating a more flexible and responsive system of workforce development to meet the needs of employers looking to fill 21st century jobs." The forum's foundation has an association made up of over 125 designated Intelligent Communities worldwide, which is represented by mayors and key civic leaders.

For more information, go to www.icf-foundation.org. For more details on the Intelligent Community Forum's recent publications and programs, visit www.intelligentcommunity.org



River History Program

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The Chris Braig Memorial Program "River History with Mark Wagner" will be held on Sunday, Oct. 26, starting at 1:00 p.m. at Swiss Valley Nature Center.

Mark Wagner, Director of Education at the National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium, will be presenting his River History program. He will discuss fur trapping and trading on the Mississippi and give everyone an understanding of our rich river history.

This program is brought to you by the Braig Family in memory of their son Chris.


The legend of jack-o’-lanterns

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The tradition of jack-o'-lanterns began in Ireland and Scotland, and pumpkins were not the first gourd of choice to use as lanterns. Turnips and rutabagas were often used because of their availability.

When Irish immigrants migrated to America, they brought their jack-o'-lantern traditions with them. Turnips were not as prevalent on this side of the Atlantic, so carvers turned to pumpkins, which were larger and easier to carve.

Jack-o'-lanterns get their name from Irish folklore, particularly a character named Jack. Jack liked to drink and couldn't pay his pub tab, making a deal with the Devil for his soul to cover the pub fee. Jack agreed, but he tricked the Devil to get away with his soul and captured the Devil. Jack agrees to free the Devil if he makes a new deal that the Devil can't ever have his soul. Years pass and Jack eventually dies. Because of his poor lifestyle, he is not material for heaven, and Jack is once again reunited with the Devil. Because the Devil remembers he cannot have Jack's soul, Jack is forced to roam the twilight world forever as a lost soul. The Devil gives Jack a few embers to burn to light the way, which Jack stores in a hollowed-out turnip. Eventually these lanterns, used to keep scary spirits at bay, were called jack-o'-lanterns.


Black lights can enhance Halloween décor

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Creating a spooky atmosphere when decorating for Halloween is the ultimate goal. People will go to great lengths to establish film-worthy special effects and ghoulish details. Using black lights when decorating can cast an ominous glow and establish the desired atmosphere.

Black lights are a common fixture at amusement parks, museums and also Halloween displays. The bulbs look just like any other fluorescent or incandescent bulbs, but they are dark in color. When turned on, the lights will give off a purplish hue. In addition to this violet shade, the black light also is producing ultraviolet light, which cannot be seen by the naked eye.

Black lights that produce UV-A light are used to observe fluorescence, or the colored glow many substances emit when exposed to UV light. Black lights can detect specialized stamps at amusement parks that are invisible unless viewed under UV light. Law enforcement may use black lights to detect traces of blood, urine and other genetic material at a crime scene. Scientists may study minerals or sea life under black lights to witness their fluorescence. Other black lights that do not have as dark a filter coating on the bulbs are used in insect bug zappers.

What a person sees glowing under a black light are called phosphors. A phosphor is any substance that emits visible light in response to some sort of radiation. A phosphor converts the energy in the UV radiation from a black light into visible light. Phosphors are used in specialized black light posters and inks. Phosphors also are found in laundry detergents to help white clothing glow even brighter, which is why a white T-shirt or socks will glow unusually bright under black lights.

It can be interesting to experiment with black lights when decorating for Halloween. Some Halloween items are designed specifically to glow under UV light. Encourage party participants to wear white clothing or accessories or specialized phosphor-containing stamps so they will glow under black lights.

Note that black lights emit very little UV radiation. Therefore, they're safe to view with the naked eye and will not cause the kind of damage to the skin often associated with UV exposure.

Many natural and manmade items contain phosphors. These can be interesting to include in black light decorating. The following are items that contain phosphors:

• teeth
• fingernails
• television screens
• petroleum jelly
• laundered white clothing
• fluorescent markers and highlighters
• fluorescent paints
• glow-in-the-dark toys
• minerals
• fish
• phosphor inks

Black lights can illuminate anything that glows to create eerie or entertaining environments for Halloween decor. 


Prepare now for election day

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Elections decide the leadership that guides legislation and enforcement of regulations. The right to vote is something many people take for granted, but elsewhere in the world many people have no say with regard to their political leaders, which only emphasizes the importance of participating in the election process whenever you're afforded the opportunity to do so.

The first step to prepare for Election Day is to confirm your eligibility. Age, legal residency and citizenship status are just a few of the factors that may affect your eligibility to vote. County clerks, municipal offices as well as the Division of Motor Vehicles should have voter registration forms, and additional information is available online.

Voter registration may have to be filed several weeks to a month in advance of Election Day in order for you to be eligible. In the United States, when voter eligibility is in question at the time of an election, a person typically may cast a provisional vote, which will then be considered after other ballots are counted.

Once your eligibility has been verified, it is important to know the dates of key elections. Local newspapers often print schedules and this information can be found online as well. Various local and federal elections occur each year, and November is when national elections take place in the United States.

Before voting, voters should research the respective candidates for each election. To better understand candidates' platforms, visit their websites as well as those of nonpartisan political organizations, such as The League of Women Voters. Deciding who to vote for requires more than just siding with a particular political party. Read as much as you can on the candidates' beliefs, concerns and voter history. This will help you make the best decision possible.

In the days leading up to Election Day, confirm your polling location and voting options. USA.gov advises that if you need special assistance, contact your local elections office for information, advice, and educational materials about voting equipment and details on access to the polling place, including designated parking.

Understand that voter intimidation is illegal. Never feel obligated to vote for one candidate because you felt bullied into doing so. Your vote should remain private unless you want to share your choice with others.

Keep in mind that, in addition to voting for candidates, you may be asked to answer additional questions about issues impacting your local community. These are called ballot measures. A voter guide also may include information about certain issues that will require your vote.

Elections are on the horizon and preparing now can help voters make educated and sound choices at the polls.


Cold weather riding tips for bikers

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The arrival of cooler temperatures means motorcycle enthusiasts should have a plan in place for their vehicles. Although fall sees many riders pack their bikes into the garage to wait out the winter, many others see no reason to quit the great outdoors just because colder weather is on the way.

No matter which path riders take and when they take it, preparation is essential when riding motorcycles. Here are a few pointers for riders to consider once the leaves have started to change color.

Layer up
Layering clothing is a key component of riding a motorcycle in colder temperatures. Many people are not very active on the back of a bike, so they will not generate enough heat on their own. Layering clothing will take the bite out of frosty winds and any precipitation that happens to be falling.

Layer clothing so that you will feel comfortable, maybe even a bit warm when you are just standing around outdoors. A first layer of thermal or fleece is a good idea. Then layer other materials as needed for comfort. Just do not wear so many layers that your mobility is compromised. If layers are not keeping you warm enough, invest in heated clothing.

The outermost layer you wear should be weather- and wind-resistant. Wind chill can quickly sap your energy and cut your ride considerably. Leather clothing will fit the bill in most cases, but a rain suit or some other waterproof material also may be necessary at times.

Leaves can be a significant hazard to riders in the fall. Damp leaves can make a slippery mess of roads, particularly on turns and curves.

Avoid all piles of leaves, as you do not know what may be hiding beneath them. Consider wet leaves as dangerous as black ice, as soggy leaves can be just as slippery.

Salt and sand
Road maintenance crews will use sand and salt to keep roads clear when snow and ice forms. Avoid riding on salty roads because the salt can corrode chrome and paint. If you choose to do any winter riding, apply a coat of wax to all parts of the motorcycle before going for a ride. This will help protect it and enable any salt to be easily wiped off after riding.

Standing water
If it rains or snows lightly after an extended period of dryness, oils in the road can come to the surface, making roads quite slick. In addition, stay on the lookout for puddles and other standing water. While motorcycle tires are good for displacing water, they still can hydroplane. Stay focused when riding on wet surfaces.

Foraging animals
One potential hazard riders may not consider is wildlife. Harvested crops reduce easy food sources, and animals may be on the move looking for food. Deer can be pushed out of fields by hunters. A collision with a deer can damage a car, never mind a motorcycle. Always use caution in rural areas, particularly at dawn and dusk.

If you choose to store your bike when the weather starts to get cold, remember to put a fuel stabilizer in the tank, fill the tank with gas and hook the battery up to a battery tender. This will ensure the bike is ready to hit the road when the temperatures warm up.


Winterize to safeguard your home from harsh weather

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Autumn is a beautiful time of year marked by welcoming cooler temperatures and the natural beauty of leaves changing colors. Autumn also has a tendency to fly by, as if the powerful weather of winter simply cannot wait to make its presence felt.

With such a seemingly short time between the end of summer and the dawn of winter, homeowners know they don't have too many weekends in between to prepare their homes for the potentially harsh months ahead. But such preparation, often referred to as "winterizing," can make a home more comfortable when the mercury dips below freezing, while saving homeowners substantial amounts of money along the way.

• Clean the gutters. Leaves falling in fall can be a beautiful sight to behold, but many of those leaves are likely finding their way into your gutters, where they can lodge and cause a host of problems down the road. If the leaves and additional debris, such as twigs and dirt, that pile up in your gutters are not cleared out before the first winter storm, the results can be costly and even catastrophic.

Winter rain and snowfall need a place to go upon hitting your roof, and gutters facilitate the travel of such precipitation from your roof into street-level drainage systems. If gutters are backed up with leaves and other debris, then ice dams may form, forcing water to seep in through the roof. That damage can be costly and can even cause the roof to collapse inward in areas with heavy snowfall. Clean gutters throughout the fall, especially if your property has many trees, and be sure to check gutters one last time before the arrival of winter.

• Tend to your attic. Homeowners who have attics in their homes might want to add some extra insulation up there, especially those who recall feeling cold inside their homes last winter, which is often a telltale sign of improper insulation in a home. A good rule of thumb when determining if your attic needs more insulation is to look for the ceiling joists. If you can see the joists, then you need more insulation.

• Address leaky windows and doors. Sometimes attic insulation is not the culprit when it comes to a cold home. Oftentimes, leaky windows and doors are the real bad guys in a drafty home. Fall is a great time to inspect for leaky windows and doors, as the wind outside can serve as your partner. When the wind outside is blowing, take a tour of your home's windows and doorways, standing next to them to determine if there are any holes or leaks that are letting outdoor air inside. If you notice any leaks beneath exterior doors, install some door sweeps to keep outdoor air where it belongs. Leaks around windows can be snuffed out with caulk or weather stripping.

• Test the furnace. Homeowners typically do not devote much thought to their furnaces in spring, summer and fall. But with winter on the horizon, fall is the time to test the furnace to make sure it's ready for the months ahead. Expect a somewhat foul yet brief odor to appear when starting the furnace. That odor should dissipate shortly, but if it does not go away, then your furnace is likely in need of repair. But even if the smell does not stick around, you might want to have the furnace cleaned by a professional anyway. Such cleanings ensure the furnace works efficiently throughout the winter.

• Clean the garage. You might not mind parking in the driveway during the warmer months of the year, but why subject your vehicles to harsh winter weather if you don't have to? Clean the garage in the fall so you have an indoor parking spot throughout the winter season. Protecting your car from the elements can add years to its life and also saves you the trouble of digging your car out of the snow.

Fall is a time of year for homeowners to spend a weekend or two preparing their homes for the often harsh weather that awaits when winter arrives.


The traditions of Halloween

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October 31 is nearly here, and soon the streets will be filled with costumed revelers eager to get their share of the free-flowing candy and other prizes. Year after year, trick-or-treaters don their costumes and parade from home to home. But have you ever wondered where this and other traditions began?

Trick-or-treating and wearing costumes seem like odd traditions to those unaccustomed to Halloween. Halloween customs are actually a blend of Celtic, Catholic, Pagan, and ancient Roman traditions. It is thought that Halloween celebrations date back to roughly 800 to 600 BC, when they originally were observances of the harvest season and nature before the arrival of winter, which marked the barren state of the landscape.

The Celtic festival of Samhain was a major influence on modern day Halloween. On Oct. 31, Celts also believed the door to the underworld was opened and could let in deceased spirits. Feasts were held and place-settings were left for deceased relatives, as they were believed to return home for a visit. In addition to friendly spirits, mean spirts also could cross over. Bonfires were lit to ward off spirits, and extra candles would be used in homes and churches to keep evil away.

Even the custom of wearing costumes has its roots in keeping evil spirits at bay. Costumes and masks were worn to confuse bad spirits and frighten them so that they could not bestow misfortune on the more fortunate. People also wore masks and ventured out after dark so that envious ghosts who were cold and outside could not recognize residents of warm and inviting homes.

The trick-or-treating custom may have blended origins. Druids believed the dead would play tricks on mankind during Samhain, causing destruction and panic. To appease the spirits, people would give the dead food and other treats. 

Another custom, called "souling," can be linked to Halloween as well. Early Christians would walk from village to village asking for "soul cakes," which were square pieces of bread with currants. The more cakes received, the more prayers the faithful would promise to say on behalf of the dead relatives of the cake donors to expedite a soul's passage to heaven.

Irish trick-or-treating customs may be traced back to collecting supplies door-to-door for the festival of St. Columbkille.

Halloween revelry is full of traditions passed on through the ages.


Properly maintained headlights vastly improve driver safety

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The importance of maintaining a vehicle cannot be understated. In addition to protecting their financial investments, drivers who properly maintain their vehicles are also protecting themselves and their passengers.

Many elements of vehicle maintenance become second nature to drivers once they have a few months of driving under their belts. Oil changes, routine checkups and periodic vehicle inspections can keep cars running smoothly and safely on the road. But few drivers remember to maintain their headlights, a potentially dangerous oversight that can compromise the safety of drivers and their fellow motorists.

Old or poorly maintained headlights can be hazardous for a variety of reasons. When coupled with inclement weather, outdated or dirty headlights can make it difficult for drivers to see pedestrians and other vehicles. In addition, drivers who struggle to see at night may find their visibility further compromised by older headlights that don't provide the light they need to navigate their vehicles safely once the sun has gone down.

Because headlights can have such a dramatic impact on driver safety, it's important that motorists take the following steps to maintain their headlamps.

• Recognize when bulbs start to dim. As headlight bulbs age, their light output is reduced by the effects of humidity, electrical resistance, filament fatigue, and general usage. The result is dim bulbs that make it difficult for motorists young and old to see when driving at twilight and at night, when a driver's visual acuity is naturally reduced by 70 percent. Drivers should pay attention to how their headlights are performing, replacing any bulbs that are no longer providing adequate light.

• Don't just replace but upgrade your headlight bulbs. Bulbs that have started to dim need to be replaced, but auto enthusiasts or maintenance-savvy drivers know they can upgrade their bulbs when replacing them. Industry experts recommend replacing headlamp bulbs every two years, and replacing them in pairs to make sure the vehicle's lighting is equally balanced. But rather than sticking with the bulbs provided by the car maker, look for a bulb that makes it easier to see at night and during hazardous conditions. The Philips Upgrade Headlights put more light on the road, helping to make up for poor weather, dimly lit roads, aging headlights, and even the loss of night vision many drivers experience as they age. Capable of providing up to 100 percent more light than the standard halogen bulbs found on the majority of vehicles today, Upgrade Headlights create a better beam pattern that is dramatically longer than the standard bulbs, vastly improving driver vision and safety.

• Buy the bulbs that match your driving habits. Some drivers spend a significant amount of time behind the wheel while others use their cars or trucks only to run errands or make short trips. When replacing bulbs that have dimmed, be sure to choose a bulb that fits your driving habits. Philips makes a headlight bulb for every type of driver, be it the daily commuter, the soccer mom or those drivers who only rarely take to the highway. Philips even makes a special headlamp for motorcycles that creates a unique orange reflection that helps distinguish the motorcycle from other vehicles on the road.

Numerous studies have shown that roughly one-third of auto accidents occur at night, when driver visibility is most compromised. So in addition to maintaining their headlights, drivers should take the following steps to improve their visibility.

• Keep wiper blades fresh. Wiper blades should be changed every three months, as they can become brittle over time and, depending on their frequency of use, can wear out, especially on older vehicles with pitting on the windshield. When inspecting the wiper blades, remember to inspect your windshield washer as well, making sure that the washers are operating effectively and that the washer fluid basin has been refilled.

• Avoid hanging items that compromise visibility. Many drivers like to hang trinkets, fuzzy dice or personal photos from their vehicles' rearview mirrors. Avoid hanging such items, which can prove distracting and restrict your view of the road.

• Clean the interior glass and mirrors. Dirty interior glass and mirrors make it difficult for drivers to see fellow motorists, so make removing any film buildup on such surfaces part of your routine vehicle maintenance.

More information is available at www.philips.com/automotive.


Dubuque Leaf Disposal Options

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Because autumn has officially arrived and the leaves have begun to fall, the City of Dubuque is reminding residents of their options for leaf and yard debris disposal.

As part of the City's April-November collection service, leaves and other yard waste may be placed in paper yard waste bags that display a single-use yard waste sticker, a rigid solid waste container with either a single-use yard waste sticker looped on the handle or a City 2014 annual yard waste decal, or, in City yard debris tipper carts. Brush and limbs can be bundled with a City of Dubuque brush tie or twine and an attached single-use yard waste sticker.

Bags and containers may not exceed 35 gallons in capacity or 40 pounds in weight. Plastic bags containing yard waste will not be collected.

Paper yard waste bags, single-use yard waste stickers, and brush ties are available in most grocery, hardware, and discount stores throughout the city. Single-use yard waste stickers are available at area retailers on sheets of five for $6.50. Brush ties cost $1.30 each.

Seasonal, regular-route yard waste collection ends Saturday, Nov. 29. From December through March, Thursday collections of yard waste and food scraps may be scheduled by calling (563) 589-4250 or submitting a request through the City's website, www.cityofdubuque.org.

Mulch mowing and backyard composting are also economical and beneficial leaf management options. Leaf burning and raking or blowing your leaves into the street are prohibited and subject to fines.

Leaf rake-out collections by appointment are offered through Wednesday, Nov. 26. These collections must be scheduled in advance by calling (563) 589-4250. Appointments must be made before raking into a gutter area. Acceptable items in the leaf rake-out include loose leaves, pine needles, and pine cones. Grass, brush, plants, and rocks are not accepted.

Leaf piles should be placed in the street at the curb no sooner than the day before the scheduled appointment. Crews cannot enter private property or alleys to collect a leaf rake-out. Vehicles must not be parked on the street within 10 feet of the leaf pile. Utilities such as fire hydrants, utility boxes, or storm sewer catch basins should not be covered. A $20 minimum charge is added to a caller's utility bill for a 40 bag equivalent rake-out pickup.

For more information, please contact the Public Works Department at (563) 589-4250 or visit www.cityofdubuque.org/publicworks.


City Awarded Fifth REAP Grant for Bike/Hike Trail

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On Oct. 9, 2014, the Iowa Natural Resources Commission approved the City of Dubuque's $200,000 grant application for Phase 5 of the Iowa 32 (Northwest Arterial) Bike/Hike Trail.

Dubuque's application ranked second out of 13 large cities applying for Fiscal Year 2015 funds from the Resource Enhancement and Protection program, or REAP.

Phase 5 of the project will connect the Iowa 32 (Northwest Arterial) Bike/Hike Trail to the Bergfeld Recreation Area, located on Chavenelle Road. The estimated total cost for Phase 5 is $200,000. Construction is planned for 2015-2016.

The trail will begin at the intersection of Pennsylvania Avenue and Iowa 32 and will extend southerly along the west side of Iowa 32 right-of-way to the intersection of Chavenelle Road and Iowa 32. The trail then will extend westerly along Chavenelle Road as bike lanes (sharrows) through the Dubuque Industrial Center to the Bergfeld Recreation Area. The trail then will connect with the existing trails in the recreation area through ADA-accessible ramps to the historic Dubuque & Dunlieth Bridge, thus completing the recreation area's trail network with access to the historic bridge.

REAP invests in projects that enhance and protect Iowa's natural and cultural resources. Fifteen percent of REAP funds are set aside for grants to cities for projects that help establish natural areas and encourage outdoor recreation and resource management. In its 25 years, REAP has benefited every county in Iowa by supporting 14,535 projects. REAP has funded these projects with $264 million in state investments, leveraging two to three times the amount in private, local and federal dollars.

Collectively, these projects have improved the quality of life for all Iowans with better soil and water quality; added outdoor recreation opportunities; sustained economic development; enhanced knowledge and understanding of our ecological and environmental assets, and preservation of our cultural and historic treasures.

REAP has benefited the City of Dubuque greatly since 1997, with over $2.1 million from 11 REAP grants invested in building off-road trails throughout the community and expanding the E.B. Lyons Interpretive Area at the Mines of Spain.

To view a project map and list of REAP grants visit www.cityofdubuque.org/ArchiveCenter/ViewFile/Item/4574


How to prevent winter soil erosion

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Acres upon acres of landscape may be under siege this winter, and not by foraging animals looking for food. Soil erosion is a significant problem when the temperatures dip, as snowstorms and wind can blow unprotected soil away. What's more, when warmer weather returns, even more soil may erode from spring melt and runoff.

Unprotected soil that is exposed to wet and windy weather can quickly deteriorate. Especially harsh winter weather can cause soil to break down, subjecting the soil to erosive forces. Soil loss is wasteful and can compromise landscapes, leaving lawns and gardens susceptible to further damage. To combat poorly performing gardens, landscapers may have to rely more heavily on chemical fertilizers and supplements, neither of which is an especially eco-friendly alternative.

Rather than reacting to the problem of soil erosion, homeowners can take proactive steps to protect soil before winter weather has a chance to wreak havoc. Composting can protect and improve soil conditions throughout the winter season.

Some people see gardening as a spring and summer activity. However, by making gardening a year-round effort - and choosing plants for all seasons - homeowners can protect landscapes and provide hardy habitats for wildlife.

Speak with a landscaping professional about which plants are hardy enough to survive through the fall and winter seasons. Certain ornamental bushes and shrubs can thrive in colder temperatures. Root vegetables, such as carrots and potatoes, are viable in the winter months. Many people plant flower bulbs in early winter to protect the soil and to enjoy vibrant color upon the arrival of spring.

If your goal is to plant a placeholder for spring crops or plants, cover plants, such as rye, are an ideal winter protection crop. Rye will remain rooted into spring and then can be mulched into a soil amendment.

Another solution is to use leaves and other compost matter to cover naked soil until planting resumes. The compost will be heavy enough to stay in place and will add healthy soil nutrients, including potassium, phosphorous and nitrogen, as it decomposes. Place a breathable soil fabric on the compost to help slow decomposition. Soil fabric also can be used elsewhere to protect soil and plants where thick layers of compost may not be practical.

Some home landscapers and gardeners may overlook the importance of preventing soil erosion during the winter. But preventing such erosion can protect resources and guarantee a landscape that is ready to thrive when spring planting season returns.


Oktoberfest can be a party for all ages

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Revelers look forward to Oktoberfest for various reasons. Great food, abundant drinks and festive music entertain the masses come Oktoberfest, so it's no surprise that this German-inspired tradition is popular the world over. While Oktoberfest is often thought of as an adults-only celebration, parts of the party can be modified to make the event more inclusive of younger guests.

Oktoberfest is the world's longest fair, traditionally running for 16 days from late September to the first weekend in October. More than six million people from around the world attend the event in Munich, Germany, each year. Smaller Oktoberfest parties are held elsewhere, and the theme can be an interesting one for individuals who want to enjoy a harvest party that does not involve Halloween and costumes.

Including children in Oktoberfest celebrations is relatively easy. All you need to do is offer activities that do not involve alcoholic beverages. Try these ideas to get started.

Stein relay
Both adults and children can participate in this event, as long as party hosts can keep track of the beverages inside the steins. Adults can use beer, while kids' cups can be filled with apple cider or root beer. Participants take chances running their filled steins over to a serving tray and then carrying back the full tray without spilling. If any beverages are spilled, the person has to take a drink and then return to have the cup refilled. The team whose members all complete the race first is declared the winner.

Polka freeze dance
If a polka band is part of the festivities, ask them to participate in a game of freeze dance. Otherwise, hosts can use prerecorded polka music. Players dance to the music until it stops, and once it does, they have to freeze. Anyone who moves after the music has stopped is "out." The last person standing is the winner.

Pretzel-making contest
Have children mold premade dough (pizza or crescent roll dough) into the shapes of pretzels. Provide different toppings, from salt to nuts to sesame seeds, that kids can use to adorn their pretzels. The pretzels can be judged on form and flavor.

Barrel or sack races
Children can participate in races against the adults to see who has the most dexterity and speed. Plastic or wooden barrels can be rolled, or players can use burlap sacks for races.

Carnival entertainment
Since Oktoberfest is a large fair, carnival-type activities can make for a great and appropriate party. Party hosts can set up dunk tanks, a ring toss, darts, and food-eating contests to round out the list of festivities. Setting aside an area for a dance floor and hiring a band or deejay are some additional ways to create a fun atmosphere.

Oktoberfest is a great opportunity to gather with friends and family to enjoy great food and drinks and fun games. Explore the various ways to make the party appropriate for guests of all ages, particularly by including child-friendly events everyone can enjoy.


Falling leaves present a beautiful safety hazard

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Watching leaves turn brilliant shades of color and fall from the trees is a favorite activity each fall. Drivers travel near and far to witness spectacular and colorful displays of fall foliage, hoping to catch the peak hues in their respective areas of the country.

While falling leaves can be a sight to behold, those leaves can become a nuisance to drivers in various ways. Understanding certain inconveniences and safety risks posed by falling leaves can help motorists protect their vehicle and themselves.

Leaves can do more than just stain driveways; they also can damage a vehicle's paint job. Should wet leaves, sap and other chemicals that leach out of the leaves stay on a car for an extended period of time, they can cause an outline stain and damage to the paint.

It's important to manually pick leaves off of the car's surface right after they fall. Do not sweep them away; otherwise the leaves can scratch the paint surface. When all the leaves have been removed, thoroughly wash and dry the vehicle.

Should stains be present already, use a commercial leaf-stain remover or automotive paint cleaner. Tackle one stain at a time.

Leaves that fall can become trapped in air intake vents, eventually impeding flow and causing odors. Leaves that fall in the groove of the windshield by the windshield wipers should be removed. Use a high-powered shop vacuum to remove any leaves that are imbedded in the venting.

Check other areas of the car where leaves can become problematic, such as under the vehicle or in the rear exhaust pipe.

Slippery surfaces
The Car Care Council notes that wet leaves on the surface of roadways can be hazardous. Wet leaves can make roadways quite slippery, even as slippery as roadways when snow is falling. Drivers should slow down when roads are covered with wet leaves and take turns and off-ramps more carefully.

Dry leaves also can pose problems, as they tend to accumulate at the edges of roads, where they easily can obscure curbs or street markings. Leaves may fill potholes, giving the false impression that a road is smooth and causing damage to tires and suspension systems when drivers drive over them.

Autumn leaves may be beautiful to see, but they can complicate driving and fall car care. Motorists should keep their cars clear of leaves and use caution on roadways.


Key to cooking with pumpkins

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Autumn is ripe with vibrant colors and scenery. One of the more vivid sights this time of year are the bright, orange pumpkins that adorn walkways and front porches of homes and businesses. Not only are pumpkins ideal for decorating, but they're also great to eat.

Some people who plan to carve jack-o-lanterns mistakenly believe the same type of pumpkin can be used in their favorite recipes. But what carving pumpkins have in visual flair, they usually lack in flavor and substance. Instead, would-be pumpkin cookers should look to other varieties if they plan to serve pumpkin on the menu.

Pumpkins are available from September through December, but they peak in October. Many smaller pumpkins are better and sweeter for cooking. Mini pumpkins, sugar, cheese, and pie pumpkins are varieties commonly used in recipes. The big jack-o-lantern pumpkins have stringy, watery flesh and will provide little to no pulp for cooking.

Select a pumpkin as you would any other type of squash. Look for a firm pumpkin with no bruises or soft spots. The pumpkin also should have a deep orange color. Store pumpkins in a cool, dark area until ready for use to prolong freshness. Wash the exterior of the pumpkin in cool water before cutting to remove any dirt and bacteria on the surface of the pumpkin so it won't be transferred to the pulp of the pumpkin.

Slice the pumpkin in half and remove the seeds and any stringy material. Rinse and save the seeds for planting or roasting. Put the pumpkin pieces in the microwave to cook or you can steam or bake them until the pulp is soft and the pumpkin falls off of the skin. Cool the pumpkins, then puree the pulp until it's smooth. You may want to strain the pureed pumpkin with a cheese cloth to remove any excess water before using in a pie recipe. Baked breads may benefit from the extra moisture.

Pumpkins are a great source of dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, riboflavin, potassium, copper, manganese, vitamin E, thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, iron, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. They're also low in fat and calories. Pumpkin puree can replace the oil in some baking recipes, much as you would use applesauce.


Red Cross Kicks Off New Campaign To Reduce Home Fire Deaths and Injuries

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Efforts will include installing smoke alarms and urging people to practice fire escape plans

The American Red Cross announced today a new campaign in Dubuque, Iowa and across the country to reduce deaths and injuries from home fires by as much as 25 percent over the next five years.

Seven times a day someone in this country dies in a fire. The Red Cross campaign focuses on joining fire departments and community groups nationwide to install smoke alarms in communities with high numbers of fires and encouraging everyone to practice their fire escape plans.

The Red Cross also is asking every household in America to take the two simple steps that can save lives: checking their existing smoke alarms and practicing fire drills at home.

The Red Cross will be going through Terrace Heights Mobile Home Park on Saturday, Oct. 11, starting at 10:00 a.m. to install smoke alarms in homes that need them and teach people about what they can do now to be prepared should a fire break out in their home.

Partnering with the Red Cross will be the Dubuque County Fire Department, Sam's Club, Resource Unite, Terrace Heights Mobile Home Park, Loras College Volleyball Team members, Red Cross Youth Volunteers and Red Cross Volunteers.

"Installing smoke alarms cuts the risk of someone dying from a home fire in half, so we're joining with groups from across our community to install smoke alarms," said Jolene Carpenter, Disaster Program Manager for the American Red Cross of the Tri-States. "We also will be teaching people how to be safe from home fire."

Simple Steps to Save Lives

Even as the Red Cross and other groups install smoke alarms in some neighborhoods, they are calling on everyone to take two simple steps that can save lives: check their existing smoke alarms and practice fire drills at home,

There are several things families and individuals can do to increase their chances of surviving a fire:

• If you don't have smoke alarms, install them. At a minimum, put one on every level of the home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas. Local building codes vary and there may be additional requirements where you live.

• If you do have alarms, test them today. If they don't work, replace them.

• Make sure that everyone in the family knows how to get out of every room and how to get out of the home in less than two minutes. Practice that plan. What's the household's escape time?

New Poll Shows Many People Have False Sense of Security about Fire Safety

The Red Cross Fire Preparedness Campaign comes at a time when a new national survey shows many Americans have a false sense of security about surviving a fire. The survey, conducted for the Red Cross, shows that people mistakenly believe they have more time than they really do to escape a burning home.

Fire experts agree that people may have as little as two minutes to escape a burning home before it's too late to get out. But most Americans (62 percent) mistakenly believe they have at least five minutes to escape. Nearly one in five (18 percent) believe they have ten minutes or more.

When asked about their confidence levels in actually escaping a burning home, roughly four in 10 of those polled (42 percent) believed they could get out in two minutes.

While 69 percent of parents believe their children would know what to do or how to escape with little help, the survey found that many families had not taken necessary steps to support that level of confidence.

• Less than one in five of families with children age 3-17 (18 percent) report that they've actually practiced home fire drills.

• Less than half of parents (48 percent) have talked to their families about fire safety.

• Only one third of families with children (30 percent) have identified a safe place to meet outside their home.

The Red Cross responds to nearly 70,000 disasters each year in the United States and the vast majority of those are home fires. In the Tri-States, the Red Cross responds to an average of 35 home fires a year.

You can help people affected by disasters like home fires and countless other crises by making a donation to support American Red Cross Disaster Relief. Your gift enables the Red Cross to prepare for, respond to and help people recover from disasters big and small. Visit redcross.org, call 1-800-RED CROSS, or text the REDCROSS to 90999 to make a $10 donation.

The national public opinion survey was conducted for the Red Cross July 17-20, 2014 using ORC International's Online CARAVAN omnibus survey. The study was conducted among a national sample of 1,130 American adults, including 311 parents of children aged 3-17. The total sample is balanced to be representative of the U.S. adult population in terms of age, sex, geographic region, race and education. The margin of error for the total sample of 1,130 adults is +/- 2.92 percent. The margin of error for the sample of 311 parents is +/- 5.56 percent.

About the American Red Cross:
The American Red Cross shelters, feeds and provides emotional support to victims of disasters; supplies about 40 percent of the nation's blood; teaches skills that save lives; provides international humanitarian aid; and supports military members and their families. The Red Cross is a not-for-profit organization that depends on volunteers and the generosity of the American public to perform its mission. For more information, please visit redcross.org or visit us on Twitter at @RedCross.


Alpin Hong Residency

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The Dubuque Arts Council's "Artist in Residence" program welcomes Alpin Hong, pianist. He will be available to perform in 12 schools Nov. 10-14, 2014.

Rooted in extensive classical training and a background in skateboarding, snowboarding, martial arts, and video games, Alpin Hong is a creative force unmatched in his youthful vivacity and boundless energy. His astonishing ability to connect to people of all ages, experiences, and backgrounds distinguishes him and shapes his evolving performance style.

Mr Hong's uniquely humorous and visionary approach to arts education has resulted in artistic residencies worldwide. His combination of stunning technique, emotional range, and rare humor continues to bring audiences young and old to their feet.

Alpin Hong is a native of Michigan and made his orchestral debut, as a pianist, with the Kalamazoo Symphony at the age of ten. He moved to Los Angeles soon after and garnered many competition victories at a young age. Whirlwind American tours and performances across the globe have earned pianist Alpin Hong the reputation as a modern day Pied Piper.


Dubuque Circles® and Project Concern to Host Faces of Homelessness Event

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November is National Homeless Awareness Month. In recognition, the Dubuque Circles® Initiative and Project Concern will host a "Faces of Homelessness" event at the Circles Big View night on Tuesday, Oct. 28, from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. at Prescott Elementary School (1151 White St.). The event is free and open to the public.

The second annual "Faces of Homelessness" event will bring together service providers who work with the homeless and feature a panel of participants who have experienced homelessness to shed light on the issue.

The Dubuque Circles Initiative is part of an innovative national movement that connects volunteers and community leaders to families wanting to make the journey out of poverty. Circles' "Big View" takes on systematic issues that affect the everyday lives of those living in poverty like affordable housing, education and transportation.

Project Concern's mission is to support the community by caring for individuals and families who are homeless or living in poverty. Through the 211 Hotline, which provides free and confidential information and social service referrals, their vision is that all who are experiencing hardships will have their basic needs met and a place to call home. Project Concern's Homeless Program also provides direct supportive services for those who are currently homeless or at immediate risk of eviction. The City of Dubuque's Housing and Community Development Department and Project Concern also partner to coordinate the Shelter Plus Care program, a permanent supportive housing program for individuals and families that are homeless and have mental health or substance abuse disorders.

For additional information, please call Malia Dunn at Project Concern at 563-588-3980 or the Circles office at 563-589-4230.


City Council Completes Annual Goal-Setting Sessions

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The Dubuque City Council completed its annual goal-setting sessions recently. Over the course of two days in late August and a follow-up session more recently, City Council members reaffirmed the 15-year vision statement, mission statement, and goals. They also identified top and high priorities for a 2014-2016 policy agenda.


The city of Dubuque is a progressive, sustainable city with a strong, diversified economy and expanding global connections.

The Dubuque community is an inclusive community celebrating culture and heritage and has actively preserved our "Masterpiece on the Mississippi."

Dubuque citizens experience healthy living and retirement through quality, livable neighborhoods with an abundance of fun things to do and are engaged in the community, achieving goals through partnerships.

Dubuque city government is financially sound and is providing services with citizens getting value for their tax dollar.


The City's mission is to deliver excellent municipal services that support urban living and a sustainable city plan for the community's future and facilitate access to critical human services which result in financially sound government and citizens getting services and value for their tax dollar.


Economic Prosperity

Environmental Integrity

Social/Cultural Vibrancy


Planned and Managed Growth

Partnering for a Better Dubuque

Improved Connectivity: Transportation and Telecommunications


Financially Responsible City Government and High-Performance Organization


Top Priorities: (in alphabetical order)

Arts and Culture Master Plan

Central Iowa Water Association: Direction, Funding

City Staffing Level: Evaluation, Direction, Funding

Five Flags Center: Evaluation, Direction

Inclusive Community: Action Plan

Police: Review Best Practices

Street Improvement Program: Funding

High Priorities: (in alphabetical order)

Annexation: Direction on Specific Actions

Emerald Ash Borer: Policy, Program, and Funding

Housing Code and Inspections: Review, Update/Upgrade

Indoor Aquatic Center

Port of Dubuque Park: Development

Skate Park

Workforce Market-Rate Housing


Make the most of road trips to enjoy fall foliage

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Jaunts to view fall foliage are popular excursions come autumn. The vivid color on display in forests and parks is simply too much for many motorists to resist.

Though nature's beauty is often on display regardless of geography, some locales tend to boast more beauteous backdrops and picturesque landscapes than others. The key is to visit during peak viewing times.

Leaves begin to change earlier in the northernmost latitudes. For example, much of Canada and portions of the northern United States begin to witness changes in foliage in late September, whereas regions farther south must wait until October to see those changes. Mid-October is when peak times are most prevalent for the greatest portion of the United States. Travelers in North Dakota and Wyoming can view fall foliage at this time. Autumn coloring persists until late October and early November in certain areas, including the southeastern and central regions of the United States.

When planning a road trip to see fall foliage, pay attention to local weather and foliage reports. Remember, road trips are quite popular this time of year, and municipal parks may be quite crowded on the weekends. If you can spare time off during the week, it may work to your advantage to cruise around when traffic is less congested. Bring along maps or a GPS system so that you can travel to multiple areas.

Autumn leaves can be enjoyed from a car, but they are equally enjoyable when experienced on a hiking trip. Pack a bagged lunch and picnic in a quiet spot, and you're bound to spot squirrels and other wildlife gathering up food reserves in preparation for the winter weather.

While the foliage is impressive enough on its own, the science behind this awesome display of color is something to behold as well. During the spring and summer, leaves produce most of the food necessary for the tree's growth. Cells inside of the leaves contain chlorophyll, which absorbs sunlight, turning it into sugars and starch that the tree uses for food. In addition to green chlorophyll, other pigments specific to the types of trees are present. These pigments are generally masked by the large amount of chlorophyll present during warm weather.

When autumn arrives, changes in the duration of sunlight result in the gradual decrease of chlorophyll and the breakdown of residual chlorophyll in the leaves as the trees prepare to stop food production for the cold hibernation. Other chemical changes take place as the leaves prepare for winter, and these mix with chlorophyll residue to produce various shades of colors. Weather, light and water supply will influence the shades of colors as well. Rainy weather makes them more vivid.

While the colors are appearing, a special layer of cells develops, and this layer gradually severs the tissues of the leaf from the branches before the leaves fall to the ground.

The best days to see leaves are those days that are cool and dry. Leaves that fall on roadways and are dampened by rain can be very slippery, so it is important to exercise caution while driving.


Working Smoke Alarms Save Lives

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Fire Prevention Week is Oct. 5-11

Since 1922, National Fire Prevention Week has been observed during the Sunday through Saturday period in which Oct. 9 falls. This year's theme, Working Smoke Alarms Save Lives; Test Yours Every Month, focuses on the importance of smoke alarms and testing for working condition.

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommends installing smoke alarms inside every bedroom, outside each sleeping area, and on every level of the home, including the basement. Smoke alarms should be tested every month and replaced every 10 years or sooner if they don't respond properly when tested. According to NFPA statistics, having a working smoke alarm in the home cuts by half the risk of dying in a fire.

The City of Dubuque Fire Department promotes fire safety and prevention year-round through educational programs at schools, businesses, senior centers, and more.

In observance of National Fire Prevention Week, the Dubuque Fire Department will hold open houses on Sunday, Oct. 5, from 1-3 p.m. at each of the six Dubuque fire stations:
Fire Headquarters: 11 W. Ninth St.
Station #2: 2180 JFK Rd.
Station #3: 3155 Central Ave.
Station #4: 1697 University Ave.
Station #5: 689 S. Grandview Ave.
Station #6: 1500 Rhomberg Ave.

During the open houses, Sparky the Fire Dog will make appearances at Fire Headquarters and Station #4. Children will have the chance to put out a simulated house fire using a fire hose at stations #4 and #5, and adults will have the chance to use a fire extinguisher to put out a simulated fire with a digital training prop at Fire Headquarters.

Assistant Fire Marshal Michael McMahon said that during National Fire Prevention Week, firefighters will read fire-related story books to children to promote the Little Free Libraries located at various locations around Dubuque, including several fire stations. Firefighters will also hand out coloring and activity sheets and stickers.

The National Fire Protection Association established Fire Prevention Week to commemorate the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 that killed more than 250 people and burned more than 2,000 acres. Another devastating fire, the Peshtigo Fire, took place in northeast Wisconsin during that same timeframe and burned 16 towns, killed 1,152 people, and scorched 1.2 million acres. Both the Chicago and Peshtigo fires changed the way that firefighters and public officials thought about fire safety, and thus it was decided to observe the anniversary of the Great Chicago Fire in a way that would inform the public of the importance of fire prevention.

For more information about smoke alarms and fire prevention, visit the National Fire Protection Association web site at www.nfpa.org or contact the City of Dubuque Fire Department at www.cityofdubuque.org/fire or 563-589-4160.


Memorialize a Loved One at the 20th Annual Reflections in the Park

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Work on the 20th annual Reflections in the Park is well underway with volunteers making adjustments to the lights and selling displays.

After seeing 10,812 cars and 43,678 visitors at the 2013 Reflections in the Park, Hillcrest Family Services is poised to continue setting records at its annual Louis Murphy Park lights display. As we celebrate the 20th year for Reflections in the Park, visitors will see many new displays, as well as the option to participate in the featured Memory Lane.

Memory Lane is an opportunity for you to remember your loved one(s) in a special way during the Christmas Holidays at Reflections in the Park. It will feature an arch with "Memory Lane" in lights at the end of the lane which is lined with starlit street lights that will represent your loved ones. Those being remembered in Memory Lane will have their name printed in the 2014 Reflections in the Park booklet.

Reflections in the Park, a Hillcrest Family Services charitable event, is planned, marketed, set up, operated, and deconstructed entirely by volunteers providing over 3,500 hours of their time. Volunteers and sponsors help make Reflections in the Park a significant form of funding for the 30+ programs and over 26,000 people served by Hillcrest Family Services.

For more information about Memory Lane, please contact Sondra Bennett at sondra.bennett@hillcrest-fs.org or call 563-583-7357 ext. 245.


Stay safe when cleaning gutters

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Come the fall, when trees start to shed their leaves and winds pick up in advance of winter, gutters can easily become clogged with all sorts of debris. When clogged gutters are not cleaned out, a host of potentially costly issues can result, making gutter cleaning an essential autumn chore no homeowner should ignore.

Fully functioning gutters direct water away from the structure of a home and into nearby drainage systems. When clogged, gutters cannot direct that water away, and the result is often costly water damage to the home's foundation. Water that is not directed away may find its way into the basement of a home, causing issues with flooding and mold.

But clogged gutters also prevent water from leaving a roof, possibly leading to costly roof repairs and damage to the roof that can put a home's inhabitants in danger. When snowfall accumulates on a roof, melting snow needs to make its way off the roof via the gutters. If those gutters are clogged with debris leftover from the fall, roof damage, including leaks, is more likely to occur.

Clogged gutters also make a welcome respite for unwelcome pests, including rodents and insects. In the warmer months, clogged gutters may make an inviting home to mosquitoes and other pesky insects, while rodents may seek the warmth of clogged gutters when temperatures dip to near or below freezing.

Cleaning gutters is not that complicated, and many homeowners can clear their gutters of debris in a typical weekend afternoon. But the ease of cleaning gutters should not overshadow the safety risks homeowners take when climbing a ladder to clear out their gutters.

The following are a few safety tips for homeowners to keep in mind when cleaning their gutters.

• Wear appropriate clothing. Loose-fitting clothing should not be worn when cleaning gutters. Such attire is a tripping hazard and can easily compromise your balance by catching on the gutter or ladder as you reach to remove debris. Wear clothing that does not hang off of you and choose pants that do not fall below your sneakers. Pants that might be a little long in the leg can catch under your feet as you climb the ladder, momentarily costing you your balance and possibly leading to a fall. When choosing footwear, avoid old sneakers or work boots without much traction, opting instead for footwear that easily grips each rung of the ladder.

• Don't forget safety gear. Many people forget to wear safety gear when cleaning their gutters. Such forgetfulness increases your risk of injury. When cleaning gutters, always remember to wear work gloves, which can protect your hands as you dig into gutters. Should you reach into a gutter without gloves on and grab something sharp, not only will you be cut but also you may be so startled that you lose your balance and fall off the ladder. In addition to work gloves, wear a dust mask and safety goggles when cleaning gutters to prevent debris from getting into your mouth and eyes.

• Work with a partner. Cleaning gutters alone is a recipe for potentially devastating injury. Even if you are not afraid of heights, scaling a ladder is not something to take lightly. Ladders can be shaky, especially on brisk autumn afternoons when the wind kicks up. Working with a partner when cleaning gutters ensures someone is below you to hold the ladder steady in case of a stiff wind or if your jostling unintentionally shakes the ladder. Working with a partner also means someone is there to seek help should you fall off the ladder or suffer another type of injury that requires medical attention.

• Use a trowel instead of your hands. Digging into the gutter with your hands, even if those hands are covered by gloves, is an unnecessary risk that can leave you susceptible to injury. When cleaning the gutters, dig out the debris with a trowel.

• Dump debris below into a large garbage can. When cleaning the gutter, do not carry a bucket with you to the top of the ladder. Carrying something as you climb up a ladder only increases your risk of injury. In addition, a bucket full of debris placed at the top of a ladder may tip over and compromise your balance. When dumping the debris you dig out with your trowel, dump it into a large garbage bin below. If you miss the bin every now and again, you can always sweep up after the job is completed.

Few homeowners look forward to cleaning their gutters. But such a task is necessary to prevent water and roof damage to your home. When cleaning the gutters, remember to place safety at the top of your priority list.


Dubuque Receives Ninth Consecutive Distinguished Budget Presentation Award

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The Government Finance Officers Association of the United States and Canada (GFOA) has announced that the City of Dubuque has received the GFOA's Distinguished Budget Presentation Award for the City's budget for the ninth consecutive year. A Certificate of Recognition for Budget Presentation has been presented to Jennifer Larson, budget director, and Mary Brooks, senior budget analyst, for the City of Dubuque.

According to the GFOA, the award represents a significant achievement by the City and reflects the commitment of the City and City staff to meeting the highest principles of government budgeting.

In order to receive the budget award, the City had to satisfy nationally recognized guidelines for effective budget presentation. These guidelines are designed to assess how well the entity's budget serves as:

a policy document,

a financial plan,

an operations guide,

and a communications device

Budget documents must be rated "proficient" in all four categories to receive the award. The GFOA says award recipients have pioneered efforts to improve the quality of budgeting and provide an excellent example for other governments throughout North America.

The GFOA is a nonprofit professional association serving more than 18,000 government finance professionals throughout North America. The GFOA's Distinguished Budget Presentation Awards Program is the only national awards program in governmental budgeting.


12 fun facts about autumn

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The cool, crisp days of autumn have arrived. As fall foliage creates a colorful display and kids frolic in leaf piles on the lawn, you may want to pay some mind to a few lesser known facts about this beloved time of year. Autumn may call to mind Halloween and the return of school, but there are other factors that make this season unique.

1. The first day of autumn is known as the autumnal equinox. On this day, the number of hours of daylight and darkness are equal. This is because the sun is aligned with the center of the Earth between the north and south of the planet. The other equinox occurs in the spring, which arrives in the third week of March in the Northern hemisphere.

2. In Greek mythology, autumn was a time when Persephone, the daughter of Demeter, was abducted by Hades, the god-king of the underworld. During this time, Demeter, the goddess of the harvest, was distraught and the ground grew sparse and cold. When Persephone returned in the springtime, plants and life bloomed anew because of Demeter's happiness.

3. Those who live closest to the equator, which is the center of the planet, never experience the season of autumn. Around the equator, the temperature remains consistently warm.

4. Yellow, orange and variations thereof always reside in the pigmentation of tree leaves, but they are just overpowered by the abundance of green from the chlorophyll in the leaves. Come autumn, however, when the sun weakens and days grow shorter, the amount of chlorophyll in leaves diminishes, allowing the other pigments in the leaves to show through.

5. Red and purple leaves are actually caused by the presence of sugars from sap that is trapped inside of the leaves.

6. Fall is a peak migration time for many species of birds. During autumn, birds will fly to other areas as they seek more hospitable climates. The Arctic tern journeys about 11,000 miles each way for its annual migration. That is like going all the way across the United States about three and a half times.

7. Contrary to popular belief, squirrels who have spent the entire autumn collecting acorns and other foods do not hibernate for the winter. Rather, they spend the majority of their time in nests they built to shelter them from harsh weather. When squirrels do come out in winter, they are usually tunneling under the snow to find the food they buried during the fall.

8. Several cultures have ancient traditions that coincide with autumn. For example, the Chinese celebrate the Moon Festival to give thanks for a successful summer harvest.

9. Halloween is a large part of autumn. The concept of wearing masks and costumes hails from ancient Celtic tradition. The Celts believed ghosts roamed on Halloween, and people wore disguises to hide from the spirits.

10. You're bound to see pumpkins as part of autumn decor. The pumpkin was first named by the Greeks. They called this edible orange item "pepon," which means "large melon."

11. Evergreen trees will not lose their leaves like deciduous trees. Their leaves, also called needles, are covered with a thick wax. This wax protects the inner components of the needles, preventing them from freezing.

12. Autumn also signals another colorful spectacle apart from the tree leaves. The aurora borealis, also known as the Northern Lights, tends to be visible this time of year. This is because geomagnetic storms are about twice as likely to occur during the fall thanks to cool evening weather.


Deer Hunting Season Opens

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Iowa's deer hunting seasons begin Oct. 1 when the archery deer hunting season opens. Archery deer hunting is permitted at the Mines of Spain State Recreation Area again during the 2014-2015 deer hunting seasons. Iowa's bow season is Oct. 1 through Dec. 5, and then opens again Dec. 22 through Jan. 10, 2015. Hunting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.

Hunting at the Mines of Spain is open in certain zones. Areas that you cannot hunt include:

1) The E.B. Lyons Interpretive Area down to Granger Creek;

2) The new land adjacent to the E.B. Lyons Center;

3) The Julien Dubuque Monument Area bordered by the railroad tracks, park road and Catfish Creek;

4) Area at the south entrance between the two upper parking lots and towards the river;

5) an area west of HWY 151 and along Marjo Hills Road.

Maps are available at the park office or at www.minesofspain.org under maps.

While deer hunting is in progress all other users are allowed in the park. Hikers, hunters, skiers, birders, and other outdoor users will be out in the park for a variety of reasons. All visitors in the park should respect the use of others. The park is here for everyone to use, but consider the following safety suggestions.

• Those not hunting should consider alternate locations if hunters are visible.

• Those hunting should consider alternate hunting areas if hikers, etc. are known to be in the area.

• Non-hunters should wear orange apparel that is visible at 360 degrees.

• Leave a note on your vehicle that you are hunting or hiking/skiing/other.

• All dogs are required to be on leash at all times, but have pets wear orange during hunting seasons.

• Hunters, consider not using trails. Select another way to the hunting spot

• Non-hunters, consider staying on trails and not venturing off trail.

• Leave the park as you found it or better - LEAVE NO TRACE.

• Call park office or 911 if you witness illegal activity.

• Remember, you are not the only person in the park. BE ALERT.

For more information on hunting and seasons in Iowa go to www.iowadnr.gov. For maps or other information about hunting in the Mines of Spain Recreation Area call the park office at 563-556-0620.


Injury prevention tips for school-aged athletes

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The new school year is an exciting time for school-aged youngsters. Though many kids may not look forward to homework or getting up early, a new school year is often exciting for young athletes who long to get back on the playing fields and compete with their teammates.

As valuable and exciting as participating in team sports can be, it can just as easily prove dangerous for athletes who aren't prepared for the rigors of physical activity.

A summer spent lounging poolside might be just what kids need after a long school year, but that relaxation can put youngsters in jeopardy of suffering an injury when they return to team sports in the fall. Many a young athlete has pulled a hamstring or suffered a shin splint when returning to athletic competition after a long layoff. But such injuries are largely preventable, and the following tips can help school-aged athletes ensure their return to competition is as painless as it is pleasurable.

• Condition your muscles in the weeks heading up to tryouts or the start of the sports season. Athletes must start conditioning their muscles early. Discuss with your parents, coaches and physicians which muscles you will be working when playing a particular sport. Adults should help you develop a conditioning program that gets the right muscle groups ready for the rigors of your sport. A properly conditioned athlete has a much lesser risk of injury than one who is not. Your offseason conditioning program should begin slowly and gradually grow more challenging as you draw closer to the sports season.

• Stretch, stretch, stretch. Always stretch your muscles before any strenuous activities, whether it's an offseason conditioning program or an in-season competition. Stretching significantly reduces your risk of injury and can improve your performance on the field.

• Get geared up. The right gear is essential for young athletes looking to avoid injury. Though summer might seem tailor-made for flip-flops, such footwear should never be worn when exercising and preparing for the coming sports season. Athletic shoes specific to your sport are made to provide the support you will need as you train and compete. The same goes for the clothing you should wear when getting ready for the season. Wear the appropriate athletic attire to reduce your risk of injury.

• Weight train in the presence of your coaches or parents. Many athletes begin weight training for the first time when they are in high school. Weight training can be beneficial to young athletes, but such athletes should never lift weights unsupervised. Parents, trainers and coaches can explain the equipment to young athletes while ensuring they don't overdo it in the weight room. Lifting too much weight or having bad form when weightlifting can cause serious injury that can sideline youngsters for the coming season, if not longer. So young athletes should always weight train in the presence of an adult and always work with a spotter to help them should they struggle to finish a repetition.

• Don't try to match your fellow athletes. The human body develops differently for everyone. Young athletes must recognize that there's a chance their classmates and teammates may be developing more quickly than they are. These classmates may be more capable of performing certain physical activities. For example, a teammate might be able to lift more weight than you. Do not try to match your fellow athletes if your body is uncomfortable performing a certain exercise. If you must endure substantial pain to perform a given exercise, then your body is likely telling you it simply isn't ready for that exercise. Don't force the body to do something just to keep up with your teammates.

• Take a break. Even if you rested for most of summer, you still will need to rest when you begin getting ready for the upcoming athletic season. Take at least one day off per week to allow your body to recover and recharge. Your body needs that recovery time to reduce its risk of injury.

School-aged athletes often look forward to a new school year as a chance to get back on the playing fields. But such athletes should emphasize safe training as the season draws closer.


Mixed breed dogs making a comeback

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Certain dog breeds, such as golden retrievers, American bulldogs and Siberian huskies, have long been popular companion animals. While purebred dogs will never go out of style, new breed combinations have spurred renewed interest in mixed breeds. 

According to the independent Costa Rican adoption agency Territorio de Zaguates, new breed names have helped increase the profile of mixed breeds. The group has begun the process of renaming its shelter pets with new, unique names. The monikers are based on physical characteristics of the animals as well as supposed breed makeup. Breeds such as the Chubby-tailed German Dobernauzer or the Alaskan Collie Fluffyterrier are just two of the organization's newly dubbed dog breeds.

According to Territorio de Zaguates, newfound interest in their mixed breeds has been staggering, with adoption rates jumping 1,400 percent since the campaign began a short time ago.

The ASPCA says more than 75 percent of dogs in shelters are mixed breeds. Though the widespread interest in dog rescues continues to grow, the number of adoptions has waned in recent years. It could be because most of the dogs in shelters are mixed breeds, and there has long been a stereotype that such dogs are not as valuable as their purebred counterparts.

But many dogs that are now registered with American and international kennel associations can trace their genetic origins to a handful of popular purebred dogs. For example, in the 1990s the mi-ki was developed and shares the bloodlines of the maltese, papillon and Japanese chin, while the kyi leo is a small companion dog breed that resulted from a cross between the maltese and the lhasa apso.

New breeds are frequently created for miniaturization, breed enhancement or genetic mutation or to adapt to local climates and geography.

Many of the popular mixed breeds of today have been crossed with poodles, long known for their intelligence and also their reduced propensity to shed. Yorkipoos, schnoodles, cockerdoodles, and labradoodles are just a few of the newer breeds that have been paired with poodles. According to Animal Planet, many of these poodle hybrids are among the most popular of the mixed breeds.

Additionally, cavachons, a cross between cavalier King Charles spaniels and the bichon frise breed, as well as chiweenies, a cross between chihuahuas and dachshunds, are growing in popularity.

Many mixed breeds living in shelters were not intentionally crossed. Nonetheless, the resulting animals are still attractive to dog lovers, many of whom find mixed breeds more attractive than purebreds for a variety of reasons.

• Mixed breeds tend to live longer, healthier lives because they may not be subjected to the inbreeding of some of the purebred varieties.

• Mixed breeds may have a lower risk of some of the genetic diseases that plague certain pure breeds, including hip problems or eye diseases.

• Very often mixed breeds are much less expensive than purebred animals. Mixed breeds are in abundance at area shelters and are frequently given away free to good homes.

Mixed breed dogs have become increasingly popular thanks to clever marketing tactics and the public's realization that mutts can make equally lovable pets as purebred pups. 


Historical scrapbooks can honor older relatives

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There are so many different and creative ways for families to showcase their heritage and honor a grandparent or other special senior. Scrapbooks are one such way to share the life of a special person and indirectly tell the tale of your family history.

Very often personal history projects are a part of elementary school curricula, so you may already have the makings of a family tree or a family diary in your home. All it takes is a little more research and some planning to design a scrapbook that can be gifted or kept for generations to enjoy.

Begin by making an outline of what you would like to cover in the scrapbook. Perhaps there is a specific event in a grandparent's life that is worth highlighting, like a military tour of duty or a brief stint in show business. Maybe you would like to present different snapshots in time during his or her life. Either way, planning out the content of the scrapbook will make it easier to gather the necessary elements.

Once you've settled on a theme, begin your research by interviewing the eventual recipient (he or she doesn't have to know the reason behind the inquiry). During the interview, take note of key dates and try to establish the mood of the era with supporting materials. For example, you may be able to find samples of advertisements from a correlating period in history or newspaper clippings that can be used to fluff up the content of the book. In the meantime, gather photos that can be used in the scrapbook, which may take some hunting.

Prints can be scanned and copied via a desktop scanner at home, or loaded onto a CD or thumb drive and brought to a pharmacy photo kiosk. Some specialty shops can even scan slides or convert stills from film into images. Make sure to make copies of all original prints and be careful not to lose or damage the originals.

Scrapbooks can be made manually with materials purchased anywhere, from craft and hobby stores to stationery shops. There are a variety of paper-cutting tools, adhesives, stickers, labels, and stencils that can be used to enhance the look of the scrapbook. There also are computer software programs or online tools through photo-sharing sites that enable you to upload images and text and design photo books entirely online. Then the finished product can be printed out in a variety of finishes. This method may actually be preferable for those who plan to save the scrapbook or anticipate it being such a big hit that others will want their own copies.

Create a digital file of all of your information and copies of images. This way if you ever want to add to the scrapbook or reproduce information in the future you will have all of the information at your fingertips. The scrapbook also will serve as a good source material down the line should future generations want to learn about their ancestors.

Scrapbooking is more than just detailing baby's first birthday or a vacation. This popular pastime can help document the life of a special senior.


Dubuque Dispute Resolution Center Open

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The Dubuque Dispute Resolution Center (DDRC) is a community mediation program coordinated by the City of Dubuque Human Rights Department and staffed by community volunteers who have received training in basic mediation skills.

On Monday, Sept. 15, an article appeared in the Telegraph Herald with the headline "Dubuque Dispute Resolution Center Closes." While the DDRC is facing challenges, as noted in the article, the center has not closed and this service is still available. The three volunteer mediators mentioned in the article continue to accept case referrals from human rights department staff on an as-needed basis.

The mission of the DDRC is to solve tenant and landlord, neighborhood, and race-related disputes through mediation before problems escalate and negatively impact a neighborhood. Most DDRC cases are related to everyday disputes between neighbors: arguments over dogs, parking, children, and property. The DDRC does not handle employment or private family matters. Disputes referred to the DDRC must originate in the official city limits of Dubuque and/or one of the disputants must have official residence within the city limits of Dubuque.

Additionally, mediation offered through the DDRC is distinct from mediation that is offered as part of a formal discrimination complaint filed with the Dubuque Human Rights Commission. If the issue in a particular case appears to be covered by the City's anti-discrimination ordinance, then the case will be referred to the formal complaint process.

If you are interested in becoming a volunteer mediator with the DDRC, need mediation assistance, or would like additional information, please contact the City of Dubuque Human Rights Department at 563-589-4395 or humanrgt@cityofdubuque.org.


Lost Mound Deer Hunt Applications Extended

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The Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge has announced an extension for submitting the 2014 applications for the special deer hunts at Lost Mound. Applications will be accepted until the day prior to the orientations for the deer hunts.

Two managed deer hunts, one for youth (ages 10-15) and one for adults with disabilities (16 and older), are conducted within designated Closed Areas of Lost Mound. All hunters must be accompanied by an adult able-bodied attendant that is capable of tracking and retrieving a deer. There are 45 hunt sites for each hunt.

All hunters, attendants and any accompanying individuals must attend a mandatory safety orientation with two sessions being held: Saturday, Oct. 4, and Friday, Nov. 14. Both sessions are held from 9am to 3pm starting at Manny's Pizza, 211 Main Street, Savanna IL, followed by a visit to the hunt area.

The youth hunt will be held on Oct. 11-12, which coincides with the Illinois Youth Either Sex Deer Hunt. A Jo Daviess County Deer Permit must be obtained and brought to the orientation. All youth must show certification of completion of a state approved hunter safety course.

The hunt for adults with disabilities will be held on Nov. 15-16, which is the Saturday-Sunday prior to the Illinois Firearms Deer First Season. A minimum P2a Illinois disability classification (or similar disability certification from non-resident states) is required. A Jo Daviess County Deer Permit is not needed in order to apply for this hunt, as this permit is provided by the Refuge.

Application and regulations can be downloaded from the following website: www.fws.gov/refuge/upper_mississippi_river or picked up at the refuge office located at 7071 Riverview Road, Thomson IL. For further questions please contact the Refuge office at 815-273-2732.


Magic for the Museum, A Benefit for the Dubuque Museum of Art

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The Dubuque Museum of Art is pleased to announce, in concert with THMedia, Magic for the Museum, A Benefit for the Dubuque Museum of Art, on Saturday, Oct. 25, 2014 at 8:00 pm at the Mississippi Moon Bar in the Diamond Jo Casino, Dubuque, Iowa.
Performers include the Grand Prix World Champion of Magic Shawn Farquhar and Des Moines comedian and magician Ben Ulin along with local performers Craig Steven and Luke Van Cleve. All ticket proceeds will go directly to the Dubuque Museum of Art.

For ticket information call 563-690-4758. To reserve a table, booth or private suite, call 563-663-2291

Related to the performance there will be a special exhibit of magic apparatus in the lobby of the Dubuque Museum of Art from Oct. 7 through the 31. The items being displayed are custom designed and built by local magician Craig "Steven" Beytien, and he'll be presenting an artist lecture on Sunday, Oct. 12 at 1:30 pm entitled The History of the Magic Box.

About the Performers

Shawn Farquhar is arguably Canada's most famous and most recognized magician. He has been awarded  the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Pacific Coast Association of Magicians and the Vancouver Magic Circle, Magician of the Year by the Canadian Association of Magicians twice, Grand Prix D'Honneur by the Pacific Coast Association of Magicians, both Stage Magician of the Year and Sleight of Hand Magician of the Year by the International Brotherhood of Magicians (the only person to win both of the top categories in the history of the organization), and  has won the highest award in magic, the Grand Prix World Champion of Magic at the Olympics of Magic in Beijing, China.
He has appeared on Ellen and was a judge on the Japanese reality TV series Asian Ace. He won the British reality TV series Penn and Teller's Fool Us, where he did fool them, and by doing so won the coveted opportunity to open for them in their Las Vegas theatre. He is one of the world's top lecturers in Magic, has his own company that designs, manufactures, and sells illusion equipment, is a fly-in-fly-out performer for the Disney Cruise Ships, including the Disney Magic, and has performed for Queen Elizabeth and the Hell's Angels - although not at the same gig...

Ben Ulin has been a fulltime, professional entertainer for over 30 years. He has been successful in many different kinds of venues: a television host, a headline act for comedy clubs and cruise ships, the producer of a long running amusement park show, an actor, writer, game show host/designer, and more. Ben Ulin has been setting the standard for entertainment at Adventureland since 1988. The MAGIC REVIEW show at the Sheriff Sam's Saloon is the longest running show in the park's history. This year celebrates its 25th year.

Craig Steven has been performing in both close-up and stage venues for over 30 years. He's the recipient of both the stage and close-up awards from the IBM Ring 11. He designs and builds many of his own effects and for many other professional performers world-wide. You can see many of these effects on Craig's website: www.illusionartsmagic.com. In his spare time Craig is a publishing consultant and a past-president of Rotary, a Board President of the Integrus Credit Union, a board member for Keystone AEA and a two-term Dubuque Community School Board member.

Luke Van Cleve is a senior at Hempstead High School in Dubuque, Iowa. 18-year-old Luke has been performing magic since the young age of 6. He received the Del Kiefer achievement award for performing from the Quad City Magic Club and teaches the "Art of Magic" in the community. He has been featured at the Hempstead High School talent show with first place finishes both his sophomore and junior year. His passion is performing, learning, and teaching.


Sportsmanship an important lesson for young athletes

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Children who play sports often walk away with important lessons in teamwork and sportsmanship. Sportsmanship can be defined as playing fair, following the rules of the game, respecting the rulings of referees, and treating opponents with respect.

During the heat of competition, it can be challenging to be a good sport, particularly when the goal is to win. However, sportsmanship is something that should be a priority for players, parents and coaches. Here are some of the ways to be fine sportsmen.

• Abide by the rules of the game. Rules are there for a reason, to promote fairness and to keep play organized and in check. Many sports are a team effort, and the team cannot work effectively if players have their own agendas.

• Practice anger management. Anger can take over when an official makes a questionable call or a teammate makes an error. But arguing with officials or teammates can get in the way of camaraderie and good performance.

• Be a team player. Players have different skill levels and abilities. There will always be the players that excel and those who may not be the MVP. Players should not "hog" the ball or make attempts to exclude others from the game. Enabling everyone to have their chance to shine is a good way to be a good teammate and friend.

• Offer words of encouragement. Even the star player can have a bad game once in awhile. A true sportsman will not tease others when they are down. Teammates should always be encouraging of one another.

• React well to a loss. There will be winners and losers in competition. Bursting into tears or jeering at the winning team reflects badly on you and your teammates. It may not feel good to lose, but be able to share in the joy of the other team and congratulate them on their success. Use a loss as a learning experience that shows you what you and your teammates need to work on going forward.


CityChannel Dubuque to Air ‘From the Archives’

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The City of Dubuque Cable TV Division is tapping into its media vault to unveil a new showcase on CityChannel Dubuque titled "From the Archives." This new showcase features old programs and video footage recorded by Cable TV personnel since the mid-1980s and often shows a Dubuque that looks much different than the city we know today.

"From the Archives" programs include the placing of the bell tower on City Hall in 1990, an interview with noted Iowa artist and one-time Dubuque resident Francesco Licciardi in 1989, architect Alfred Caldwell's 1991 return to Eagle Point Park to see the buildings he built there in the 1930s, music from the Iowa Sesquicentennial celebration in Eagle Point Park in 1996, and footage from the Grand Excursion in 2004.

"From the Archives" presents one program per week airing at four different times on CityChannel Dubuque: Tuesdays at 9 a.m. and 9:30 p.m., Fridays at 2 a.m., and Sundays at 5 p.m. Following each airing will be a promotional announcement for the next week's program. "From the Archives" will premiere on Tuesday, June 10, at 9 a.m. with the 1988 Field of Dreams press conference at Carnegie-Stout Public Library featuring stars James Earl Jones and Kevin Costner.

For the past six years, Cable TV Coordinator Craig Nowack and Video Producer Erich Moeller have been gradually digitizing old videotapes stored in the basement of City Hall Annex. "‘From the Archives' is a fun way to look back at some of Dubuque's recent history, and a great way to see what Dubuque used to look like," said Nowack.

CityChannel Dubuque is the City's government access cable channel found on channel 8 or digital 85.2 on Mediacom's cable system in Dubuque.

The channel is also streamed live on the City's website at www.cityofdubuque.org/media.

Viewers can access the channel's program guide at www.cityofdubuque.org/cabletv.

"From the Archives" programs will eventually be available for on-demand playback on the City's website.